Green Tea vs. Black Tea. What’s the Difference?
More than just the color and taste, there are major differences between black and green tea. Both are beneficial to your health in different ways. Both are made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. The biggest difference is that black tea is fermented, and green tea isn’t. Black tea leaves our first rolled and then exposed to air. This allows the fermentation process to begin. The leaves are also much bolder in flavor as a result. Green tea leaves are pan-fried to stop the fermentation process.
Does Black Tea have More Caffeine than Green Tea?
Yes. Black tea contains about 39 two 109 mg per 8 ounces. Green tea has about 35 mg in the same serving. They also both contain the amino acid, L-theanine. This releases GABA that helps us to feel relaxed yet alert. There is slightly more L. theanine in green tea then black tea.
What About the Antioxidants?
EGCG is the most powerful polyphenol found in green tea. This is why green tea gets more press for health benefits. EGCG has been found to help fight many serious diseases. Cancer as it inhibits multiplication of cancer cells and causes cancer cells to die. Alzheimer’s, as it decreases the harmful effects that amyloid plaques that build up in Alzheimer’s patients. Fatigue is decreased as EGCG helps maintain energy levels better than drinking water before sports. Anti-microbial. Causes damage to some bacterial cell walls and may reduce transmission of some viruses. It is also very calming for the brain and body.
Black Tea has Theaflavins. These are a group of polyphenols that are found in black tea. They are formed during the fermentation process and are 3 to 6% of all polyphenols found in black tea. They have been known to protect heart and blood vessels and reducing the risk of plaque formation. They are also responsible for that breakdown therefore reducing obesity.
Aside from the difference in flavor, there are differences in health benefits to each tea. I would recommend drinking some of each on a regular basis. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, black tea has warming characteristics, and green tea has cooling characteristics. For those who follow TCM. Choose your tea wisely. I hope this gives you a little bit more information on some of the most popular beverages in the world.
For any questions, please feel free to contact me.
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