CAVE CREEK – Education and Community Services (ECS), a department of Cave Creek Unified School District (CCUSD), and Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff are collaborating on the expansion of Lowell Observatory’s activity-based, hands-on science program, Lowell Observatory Curriculum for Kids (LOCKs), “Unlocking the Keys to Science” at the ECS Child’s Play Preschool site at Horseshoe Trails Elementary School (HTES) in Phoenix.
“It is never too early to start STEM (Science Technology Engineering Math) education, and we were so fortunate to form a partnership with Lowell Observatory,” said Gina Durbin, Director of Education and Community Services, CCUSD. “Research is very clear that best practices in early childhood education is to allow for more play and inquiry-based investigation.”
The LOCKs classroom program was introduced at ECS during the 2015-2016 school year, followed by a two week ECS Summer Camp in 2016. “One of our community members, Tom Ensign, who has worked in various positions within the scientific field, brought this opportunity to ECS,” explained Durbin. In 2016-2017, the LOCKs program became a weekly part of the ECS Child’s Play Preschool curriculum at HTES. The LOCKs program at Lowell Observatory differs in that it is offered as a monthly camp that children attend with their parents.
“The vision was to expand the program, to provide more children access to LOCKs, because not everyone can come to Mars Hill [Flagstaff]. And, expand it in a way that didn’t require bricks and mortar,” said Tom Ensign, Member of the Executive Committee of Lowell Observatory. “One of the key people is Gina Durbin, Director of Education & Community Services, who has been a champion of Lowell Observatory LOCKs and a supporter. She facilitated the use of LOCKs kits as a study.”
With Durbin’s enthusiastic support, ECS Child’s Play Preschool teacher Kathy Grandprey worked with Samantha Flagg, Lowell Observatory Education Coordinator and developer of the LOCKs program, to integrate the Lowell Observatory curriculum into the more traditional preschool curriculum. Lowell Observatory’s Samantha Gorney, Deputy Director of Education and Kelly Ferguson, Education Coordinator continued development of the program after Flagg relocated to Tucson in fall of 2016.
“We had a wonderful teacher in Kathy Grandprey,” said Ensign. “For example, for the curriculum on Newton’s Law, she introduced coloring books with Newton sitting under an apple tree. So while the students were learning, we learned a new way to use the curriculum.”
With their teachers’ close guidance and supervision, students perform scientific testing (investigating and modeling), conducting experiments and
guided investigations in life, physical, and Earth and space sciences.
The preschool lesson plans can easily run five pages per lesson. Lowell Observatory provides all the required material to perform the scientific investigations and experiments. Each lesson plan takes a week to cover. Lowell plans on adding a video to the lesson package sometime in the future.
“We studied Dwarf Planets in August, Newton’s Law in September, and Constellations in October,” said Grandprey, who teaches the pilot LOCKs program. “Lowell sends me one to three boxes every month, with everything I need, from paper, paint, Styrofoam balls, bottles, magnets, marbles, tins, foam noodles … everything. “
“Hands-on investigation, singing songs about science and making art encourages interest in and retention of the lessons,” said Grandprey. Students enjoyed painting their own planets while studying Dwarf Planets. And they discovered “an object in motion tends to stay in motion” until something stops it, using marbles, applying force and squirts of paint.
Learning to recognize constellations by using toothpicks and marshmallows, essentially training the mind to see images created by alignment of the stars, was one of the students’ favorite investigations. A recent project with magnets and paint required the students to move a magnet through paint inside a metal tin by moving a magnet underneath the tin.
“It’s important to instill a love of learning as early as you can,” Grandprey said. “I hope by exploring our world, their world, it makes them hungry for more.”
“Providing this kind of learning early in a child’s life builds skills and interests that serve children throughout their school years, and later in life,” explained Durbin. “We certainly need more individuals choosing science, technology, medicine and engineering as a career.”
“With LOCKs, I think the best way to go is horizontal, introducing the program to as many preschools as possible,” said Ensign who with his wife Laura (Desert Foothills residents) have been working together to develop independent funding for LOCKs within the Cave Creek Unified School District.
CCUSD starts our youngest learners with quality learning programs like LOCKs,” noted Dr. Debbi Burdick, Superintendent of the Cave Creek Unified School District. “We are fortunate to have our preschool students engaged in this interactive and engaging program as they start to formalize STEM (Science Technology Engineering Math) concepts for future learning and interests!”